Your web browser is out of date.

Update your browser for better security, speed and to get the best experience on this website.

Update your browser
You are in:


Having problems with our terms and abbreviations/acronyms? Search our list of glossary terms below.


Pitch Circle Diameter PCD

Pitch Circle Diameter (PCD) refers to the bolt pattern on a vehicles wheel hub.
As an example, Volkswagen have many models that use a 5 x 112 PCD.

So what does this mean?The "5" refers to the number of bolts or studs used to secure the wheel to the hub. The "112" refers to the diameter of the circle in mm. The bolt holes are positioned equally spaced in a circular pattern. If you drew a circle through the centre of each bolt hole, the measurement across the centre of the circle from one side to the other (the circle diameter) in our example would be 112mm.


Powder Coated

A coating process. Powder is applied by electrostatic means then it is heat cured.



The degree of accuracy/refinement that a product is manufactured to. Products will be manufactured to within a certain tolerance, usually measured in mm.



Abbreviation of propeller shaft. Also referred to as a drive shaft.